1 - jar, 125 grams (makes 125 cups)
Drink 1-3 cups per day on empty stomach
To Brew Tea: bring 3-4 cups of water to a boil,
add 1 tablespoon chanca piedra, bring to a boil, simmer for 15
minutes, strain and drink when cooled to desired temperature.
This product has a diuretic effect so drink plenty
of chlorine free water.
Supplements of magnesium and vitamin B6 may further
enhance excretion of calcium oxalate.
Prolonged use may cause temporary symptoms of hypoglycemia.
Taking the tea in the evening before bed can ameliorate this
side effect. If hypoglycemia persists when not drinking the tea,
DO NOT USE IF PREGNANT OR NURSING
* This product is not intended to diagnose,
treat, cure or prevent any disease. These statements have not
been reviewed by the FDA.
REFERENCES FOR THIS MONGRAPH
Barton D. Libbey J. 1985. Advances in Medicinal
Phytochemistry Eurotext. Pierre Fabre Reserche Center.
Brack Egg: Encyclopedic Dictionary of useful plants
of Peru, Cusco & Peru, 1999
Cabieses Fernando: Notes of Traditional Medicine,
National Council of Science and Technology CONCYTEC Lima &
Contreras, Jess, Gamarra Vidal, 1993. Determination
of microbial limit and of the anti microbial activity of the
species. Desmodium molliculum (HBK) D.C. Uncaria tomentosa (Wild)
D.C., Tiquila paronnychoides (Phil) A. Phyllantus niruri L. U.N.M.S.M.
Lima & Per
Correa J. Y Bernal H. Promising vegetal species
from countries of Andres Bello¥s Agreement Vol. III
Estrella Eduardo, 1995: Amazonian Medicinal Plants,
Reality and perspectives. Amazonian Cooperation Agreement.
Palacios J. 1997 Native Peruvian Medicinal Plants
CONCYTEC , Lima , Peru
Pinedo M. Rengifo E. Cerruti T: Amazonian Medicinal
Plants of Peru. Study of the use and cultivation. Institute of
Amazonian Research of Peru (II AP) Iquitos ñ Peru
Soukop Jaroslav (1970) Vocabulary of common names
of Peruvian flora. Salesiano School Lima ñ Peru
Taylor Leslie: Herbal Secrets of the Rainforest
Prima Health & Colophon are trademarks of Prima communications,
Inc. USA 1998.
Chanca Piedra (Phyllanthus niruri) plant and
CHANCA PIEDRA MONOGRAPH
(by RAIN LABS S.A., Lima Peru)
Phyllantus pumilus, Phyllantus kirganelia, Phyllantus carolinensis,
Phyllantus asperculata, Phyllantus lathyroides, Phyllantus microphyllus,
Phyllantus urinary, Phyllantus amarus or Phyllantus niruri var.
Chanca piedra, Quebra Pedra, Pitirishi, Stone Breaker, seed
in the leaf, urinary filante, poor man(s quinine, girl's herb,
niruri (Indian), pernilla del pasto (Puerto Rico), Holy Friday
(Colombia), gale of wind (Florida and English Carib), erva pombinha
(Brazil), Creole quinine, arrebentapedra, ParaparaimÌ
(Paraguay), Santa Maria, San Pedro (Philippians), herb of San
Pablo, sampasampalkan (Philippians), sacha foster.
Dried leaves and stems.
This plant is distributed in all the tropical regions of the
Planet and there are no paleobotanic studies accounting for its
geographic origin with accuracy. Some people say that it is native
from India because Linneo (1770 - 1778) probably reported a first
specimen from that country, but others say that it comes from
the Philippines and it was then introduced to the New World.
Other groups assure that chanca piedra was carried from Tropical
America to the Philippines.
It grows wildly in America, from Texas to Northern Argentina.
It also grows wild in Peru and very abundantly in tropical zones.
Annual herb, 50 cm tall. It belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family,
which groups over 6500 species and 300 genera. It usually grows
in the shade in the most tropical regions of the world (pantropical),
it is a wild herb in the Amazonian forest, but it can be cultivated
The generic name Phyllantus has more than 600 species, and
it means "leaf and flower" because the flower, as well
as the fruit, seem to become one with the leaf. In fact, even
though it appears to be so, it is not a compound leaf, but has
little thin and symmetric branches that make the leaf look like
a plumose leaf. Each little leaf of that branch carries in the
angle a flower and the fruit. The specific name niruri may come
from a Hindu term, and was adopted by Linneo.
This is a plant that grows well in moist and shady places,
and it spreads quickly by the invasive capacity of its large
root, consuming with greed the nutrients within the ground, in
such a way that it could damage the surrounding plants. Chanca
piedra can be found in all the world's tropical places: through
the roads, valleys, on the riverbanks and near lakes.
STEMS: Erect, 30 to 60 cm tall and 1 to 2.5 mm wide,
a few horizontal branches, from 5 to 10 cm long and almost filiform.
LEAVES: Whole, hairless and pale on the underside,
elliptic shaped, short petiole, obtuse 7 to 12 mm apex, disposed
alternately one over the other on each side of the stem, so that
they resemble the folioles of a compound leaf.
FLOWERS: Chanca piedra has small, single, monoic flowers
that grow in the angle of each leaf, with whitish or yellowish
sepals and a green longitudinal stripe. Male flowers are very
small, they have three sessile stamens, they are less abundant
and we can find them near the base of the branch.
FRUITS: They are eschizocarpic, capsules, globular
and flattened, with 2 to 3 millimeters diameter, each one carrying
two three cornered and verrucose seeds.
ROOT: It is large and somewhat branched.
Making a review of ethnomedic literature, we can conclude
that the two most important traditional uses are:
a) for its action on kidney stones
b) for its effect on liver disease (antihepatotoxic).
The first use is more popular in the American Tropic and the
second is more diffused in Asia.
The name chanca piedra, as it is known in Peru, comes from
its effect on kidney stones and gallstones. "Quebra pedra"
or "Arrebenta pedra" is the name given in Brazil. It
has scientifically accepted diuretic properties, but the studies
are not complete yet.
In traditional medicine, however, it is better understood
for its curative uses for dropsy, for urinary retention, as a
renal anti-inflammatory agent, against illnesses producing secretions
of the urethra and prostate discomfort.
In South East Asia and in the Caribbean, it is used against
malaria and in general as febrifuge. This is the reason for the
vernacular name "poor man's quinine" and "Creole
quinine"emphasized by its strong bitter taste. In the Caribbean
it is used against diabetes and for the reduction of blood glucose
in diabetic patients.
Because of its bitter taste, it is also believed to be beneficial
for the digestive system: as an appetite stimulant and a fortifying
In India it is used as a mild laxative for dysentery. It is
also known to relieve intestinal pain. Fakirs use it as an intestinal
South East Asia has exported to America the idea that this
plant can cure syphilis and that it is a blood purifier and can
be used in general for cuts and different skin problems.
Topically, it seems to have a soothing effect against scalp,
genital and anal itching. As a poultice for the treatment of
certain types of ulcers, mange, sores, superficial wounds and
in the preparation of refreshing eye drops.
Lignanes: phyllanthine, hypophyllanthine, phyltetralin, lintetralin,
niranthin, nirtetralin, nirphylline, nirurin, niruriside.
Terpenes: Cymene, limonene, lupeol and lupeol acetate.
Flavonoids. Quercetin, Quercitrin, Isoquercitrin, astragalin,
Lipids: Ricinoleic acid, dotriancontanoic acid, linoleic acid,
Alkaloids: Norsecurinine, 4 - metoxy - Norsecurinine, entnorsecurinina,
nirurine, phyllantin, phyllochrysine.
Alcanes: Triacontanal, Triacontanol.
Others. Vitamin C, tanines, saponins.
Beneficial effects for liver and specially in the treatment
of jaundice, have been proven in scientific conditions in clinical
research performed by Dixit and Achar in 1983 and by Syamasundar
and co. 1985. The results of these studies were related to the
possible action against hepatitis and more specifically against
In 1982 a group of Indian scientists, headed by S.P Thyagarrajan,
demonstrated in vitro that extracts of this plant were able to
inactivate Hepatitis B's viral surface's antigen . Venkanteswaran
et al made further studies of this interesting discovering in
the Chase Cancer Center of Philadelphia. They not only proved
the above thesis, but in addition made experiments, in vitro
and in vivo, with hepatitis virus on hamsters, who have similar
biological behavior with hepatitis B virus as humans. From these
studies, the mentioned authors concluded that the possibility
existed of eliminating the infectious capacity of healthy bearers.
These findings and preliminary results of later studies open
a very important chapter in the prevention and treatment of this
illness in humans and will help to explain the beneficial action
of Phyllantus niruri on some types of jaundice.
There isn't a definitive explanation about the use of this plant
as a diuretic. This popular belief has passed the test of time.
Vander Woerd made very controlled assays in 1941 and obtained
positive results. Then Araujo, in Brazil, based his thesis on
this action, summarizing information available since 1929. No
new information is available to prove prior popular beliefs.
Mokkasmit et al (1971) studied the antispasmodic action in alcohol
& water extracts of the plant on the small intestine in horses
and like Dhar et al (168) they demonstrated chanca piedra to
be really effective.
Its vernacular use in the treatment of diabetes seems to find
support in experimental research by Ramakrishnan and his group
in 1982, who administered whole plant extracts orally to rabbits
and observed a clear hypoglycemic activity.
Similarly, it is important to mention the studies about the
anti bacterial effect of this plant, Contreras G and Gamarra
V. (1993) of San Marcos University show it to be clearly antibacterial
over E. Coli 9/7 in concentrations of 30, 50, 100, 200 and 300
ug/ml; Klebsiella pneumoniae 9/7 in concentrations 30, 50, 100,
200 and 300 ml. and Proteus mirabilis in concentrations of 30,
50, 100, 200 and 300 ml. It did not act upon Staphylococcus aureus
Hajme Veno et al from Toyama University, realized that the
alcohol extract of this plant inhibited the angiotensine converter
enzyme (ACE), and noticed that the butilic alcohol extract had
even higher effect. ACE is a carboxypeptidase that plays an important
role as arterial pressure regulator. This interesting discovery
does not have an echo in clinical experiments.
Other isolated studies are also worthy of mention: the antipyretic
activity has not been proved on rabbits yet; however, preliminary
studies in chronic arthritis indicate a clear anti-inflammatory
activity, anti- tumoral effects in mice have been detected and
there are some evidences that relate this property to one of
its phytochemicals: dibencylbutirolactone.
Some studies show that the alcohol and water-based extracts
have very low toxicity in mammals, but they are very toxic for
fish and batrachians.
Kidney stones treatment
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